WTO TRADE FACILITATION AGREEMENT AND IMPLEMENTING INSTRUMENTS

(WT/L/940)

 

The table below maps the substantive obligations of Section I and of obligations to create a National Trade Facilitation Body (NTFB), Article 23.2 of Section II, to existing instruments that can support the implementation of provisions contained in this agreement. Such instruments can be conventions, standards, recommendations and guidelines.

The organisation of the table follows the current structure of the Agreement. Instruments highlighted for each article and sub-article of the Agreement were prepared by international organizations involved in work related to trade facilitation. The table also provides links to pages in TFIG related to the implementation of these instruments.

Click on any article to see its available instruments. (Text of the WTO TFA for easy reference)

ARTICLE 1 - PUBLICATION AND AVAILABILITY OF INFORMATION

Article

TF Instrument

Links to Pages in the guide with more information
(pink are generic pages, blue color are specific relevant instruments)

1. Publication

WCO

RKC, General Annex(GA) Ch.9

Recommendation (1999) on the use of World Wide Web sites administrations

Recommendation (2001) on the application of HS committee decision

Revised Arusha Declaration (par.3)

Publication

Revised Kyoto Convention

Arusha Declaration

UNCTAD technical notes

ICC customs guidelines

WB Developing a Trade Information Portal

UNCTAD

Technical Notes Publication

ICC

Customs guidelines 28, 29, 31

2. Information available through internet

WCO

RKC, General Annex (GA) Ch.9

Recommendation (1999) on the use of World Wide Web sites administrations

Recommendation (2001) on the application of HS Committee Decision

Publication

Revised Kyoto Convention

UNCTAD technical notes

WB Developing a Trade Information Portal

UNCTAD

Technical Notes - Internet Publication

3. Enquiry Points

WCO

RKC, General Annex (GA) Ch.9

Publication

Revised Kyoto Convention

UNCTAD technical notes

UNCTAD

Technical Notes - Single national enquiry points

4. Notification

No specific instrument available

Not covered in this edition of the site

ARTICLE 2 - OPPORTUNITY TO COMMENT, INFORMATION BEFORE ENTRY INTO FORCE AND CONSULTATION

Article

TF Instrument

Links to Pages in the guide with more information
(pink are generic pages, blue color are specific relevant instruments)

1.Opportunity to comment on new and amended rules

WCO

RKC, General Annex (GA) Ch.s 1 and 9 (primarily)

Publication

Revised Kyoto Convention

2.Consultations

WCO

RKC, General Annex (GA) Ch.s 1,3 and 9 (primarily)

SAFE

Publication

Consultation-cooperation

Formal trade consultation

Revised Kyoto Convention

WCO SAFE

UNECE and UN/CEFACT Recommendations

ICC customs guidelines

UNECE

Recommendations 4 on National Trade Facilitation Organs

Recommendations 33 on Single Window

ICC

Customs guidelines 33

ARTICLE 3 - ADVANCE RULINGS

Article

TF Instrument

Links to Pages in the guide with more information
(pink are generic pages, blue color are specific relevant instruments)

WCO

RKC, General Annex (GA) Ch.9

Recommendation (1996) on the introduction of programmes for binding pre-entry classification information

WCO Recommendation (1998) on the improvement of Tariff Classification work and related infrastructure (Appendix Part II)

WCO Technical Guidelines on Binding Origin Information

Advance ruling

Revised Kyoto Convention

UNCTAD technical notes

ICC customs guidelines

UNCTAD

Technical Notes - Advance Rulings

ICC

Customs guidelines 43 to 46

ARTICLE 4 - APPEAL OR REVIEW  PROCEDURES

Article

TF Instrument

Links to Pages in the guide with more information
(pink are generic pages, blue color are specific relevant instruments)

1. Right to Appeal or Review

WCO

RKC, General Annex (GA) Ch.10

Appeals

Revised Kyoto Convention

ICC customs guidelines

UNCTAD technical notes

ICC

ICC Customs Guidelines 52

UNCTAD Technical Notes - Right of appeal against Customs and other agency rulings

2. Appeal Mechanism in a [Customs Union][that is a WTO member]

WCO

RKC, General Annex (GA) Ch.10

Appeals

Revised Kyoto Convention

ICC customs guidelines

ICC

ICC Customs Guidelines 50 & 51

ARTICLE 5 - OTHER MEASURES TO ENHANCE IMPARTIALITY,  NON DISCRIMINATION AND TRANSPARENCY

Article

TF Instrument

Links to Pages in the guide with more information
(pink are generic pages, blue color are specific relevant instruments)

1. Notifications for enhanced controls or inspections

No specific instrument available

Not covered in this edition of the site

2. Detention

No specific instrument available

Not covered in this edition of the site

3. Test Procedures

No specific instrument available

Not covered in this edition of the site

ARTICLE 6 - DISCIPLINES ON FEES AND CHARGES IMPOSED ON OR IN CONNECTION WITH IMPORTATION AND EXPORTATION

Article

TF Instrument

Links to Pages in the guide with more information
(pink are generic pages, blue color are specific relevant instruments)

1. General Disciplines on Fees and Charges Imposed on or in Connection with Importation and Exportation

WCO

RKC, General Annex (GA) Ch.3 and 9

Revised Arusha Declaration

GATT Article VIII

Revised Kyoto Convention

UNCTAD technical notes

UNCTAD

Technical Notes - Disciplines on the levy of fees and charges

2. Specific Disciplines on Fees and Charges Imposed on or in Connection with Importation and Exportation

WCO

RKC, General Annex (GA) Ch.3 and SA Ch.1

Revised Kyoto Convention

UNCTAD technical notes

UNCTAD

Technical Notes - Disciplines on the levy of fees and charges

3. Penality disciplines

WCO

RKC, General Annex (GA) Ch.3 and SA Ch.1

GATT Article VIII

Revised Kyoto Convention

ARTICLE 7 - RELEASE AND CLEARANCE OF GOODS

Article

TF Instrument

Links to Pages in the guide with more information
(pink are generic pages, blue color are specific relevant instruments)

1. Pre-arrival processing

WCO

RKC, General Annex (GA) Ch.3

SAFE

Guidelines for the Immediate Release of Consignments by Customs

Pre-arrival processing

Revised Kyoto Convention

WCO SAFE

WCO Immediate release guidelines

UNCTAD technical notes

ICC customs guidelines

UNCTAD

Technical Note - Pre-arrival processing

ICC

Customs Guidelines 9

2. Electronic payment

WCO

RKC, General Annex (GA) Ch.4.6

Electronic Payment

ICC customs guidelines

ICC

Customs Guidelines 32

3. Separation of release from final determination and payment of customs duties, taxes, fees and charges

WCO

RKC, General Annex (GA) Ch.3 and 5

Guidelines for the Immediate Release of Consignments by Customs

SAFE

Release time

Deferred payment

Revised Kyoto Convention

WCO SAFE

WCO Immediate release guidelines

UNCTAD technical notes

ICC customs guidelines

UNCTAD

Technical Notes Separating release from clearance procedures

ICC

Customs Guidelines 15

4. Risk Management

WCO

RKC, General Annex (GA) Ch.6

WCO Risk Management Guide

WCO Compendium on Risk Management

WCO SAFE

WCO Standardised Risk Assessment

International Convention on the Harmonized System (HS Convention), 1988

Customs risk management

Revised Kyoto Convention

WCO SAFE

HS Convention

UNCTAD technical notes

ICC customs guidelines

UNCTAD

Technical Notes - Risk Management for Customs control

ICC

Customs Guidelines 14

5. Post clearance audit

WCO

RKC, General Annex (GA) Ch.6

WCO Risk Management Guide

WCO Guidelines for Post-Clearance Audit

WCO SAFE

Post clearance audit

Revised Kyoto Convention

WCO SAFE

UNCTAD technical notes

ICC customs guidelines

UNCTAD

Technical Notes - Post clearance audit

ICC

Customs Guidelines 19

IASB

International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS)

6. Establishment and publication of average release times

WCO

Time release study

Release time

WCO time release study

7. Trade Facilitation Measures for Authorized Operators

WCO

RKC GA Ch. 3

SAFE

WCO Authorized Economic Operator Guidelines

Authorized economic operator

Authorized traders

Revised Kyoto Convention

WCO SAFE

ICC customs guidelines

ICC

Customs Guidelines 19

8. Expedited shipments

WCO

RKC GA Ch. 3

SAFE

WCO Guidelines for the Immediate Release of Consignments by Customs

Revised Kyoto Convention

WCO SAFE

WCO Immediate release guidelines

De minimis

9. Perishable Goods

No specific instrument available

Not covered in this edition of the site

ARTICLE 8 - BORDER AGENCY COOPERATION

Article

TF Instrument

Links to Pages in the guide with more information
(pink are generic pages, blue color are specific relevant instruments)

 

WCO

RKC GA Ch. 3

SAFE

Customs Compendium: Integrated Border Management

CBM Compendium

Border agency cooperation

Cross-border management

Coordinated intervention

UNCTAD technical notes

Harmonization Frontier Controls Convention

UNCTAD

Technical Notes - Border agency coordination

UNECE

Int'l Convention on Harmonization of Frontier Controls

ARTICLE 9 - MOVEMENT OF GOODS UNDER CUSTOMS CONTROL INTENDED FOR IMPORT

Article

TF Instrument

Links to Pages in the guide with more information
(pink are generic pages, blue color are specific relevant instruments)

 

WCO

RKC Specific Annex E Ch.2

Revised Kyoto Convention

ARTICLE 10 - FORMALITIES CONNECTED WITH IMPORTATION AND EXPORTATION

Article

TF Instrument

Links to Pages in the guide with more information
(pink are generic pages, blue color are specific relevant instruments)

1. Formalities and Documentation Requirements

IMO

Convention of Facilitation of International Maritime Traffic (FAL Convention), 1975

Document alignment

Business Process Analysis

Revised Kyoto Convention

UN Layout Key

UNNExT Guide on Business Process Analysis

FAL Convention

UNCTAD technical notes 

WCO

RKC, CH. 3 and 7

UNECE

Recommendation 1 on the UNLayoutKey

Recommendation 18 on Facilitation Measures related to International Trade Procedures

UNNExT Guide on Business Process Analysis (UNECE & UNESCAP)

UNNExT Guide for the Design of Aligned Trade Forms for Paperless Trade (UNECE & UNESCAP)

UNCTAD

Technical Notes - Simplification of trade documentation using international standards

2. Acceptance of copies

WCO

RKC: GA Ch.3 and 7, Specific Annex A – Ch. 1: 4

Revised Kyoto Convention

UN Convention on electronic communication

UNCITRAL

Convention on electronic communication

3. Use of international standards

WCO

Data Model

Data models

Technical specifications

Code lists

UNECE and UN/CEFACT Recommendations

UN/TDED

UN/EDIFACT

CCL

WCO Data Model

UNCTAD technical notes 

UNECE

Recommendation 18 on Facilitation Measures related to International Trade Procedures

Recommendation 25 on use of UN/EDIFACT

Recommendation 26 on commercial use of interchange agreements for EDI

UN/TDED

UN/EDIFACT

Code Lists

Core Component Library (CCL)

 

 

 

UNCTAD Technical Notes - Simplification of trade documentation using international standards

4. Single Window

WCO

RKC GA Ch. 3

SAFE

Compendium How to build a Single Window Environment

Data Model

Single Window for trade

Data models

Code lists

Revised Kyoto Convention

WCO SAFE

UNECE and UN/CEFACT Recommendations

UNNExT Data Harmonisation and Modelling Guide

UNNExT Single Window Project

WCO Single Window Compendium

WCO Data Model

UNECE

Recommendation 25 on use of UN/EDIFACT

Recommendation 26 on commercial use of interchange agreements for EDI

Recommendation 33 and Guidelines on establishing a Single Window

Recommendation 34 Data Simplification and Standardization for International Trade

Recommendation 35 on establishing a legal framework for international Single Window for trade

UNNExT Data Harmonisation and Modelling Guide

UNNExT Single Window Project Implementation Guide

IMO

IMO Recommendation on Maritime Single Window

5. Pre-shipment inspection

UNECE

Recommendation 27

UNECE and UN/CEFACT Recommendations

6. Use of Customs Brokers

WCO

RKC GA Ch. 3 and 8

Customs broker

Revised Kyoto Convention

ICC customs guidelines

ICC

Customs guidelines 12

7. Common Border Procedures and Uniform Document Requirements

WCO

RKC GA Ch. 3

Revised Kyoto Convention

8. Rejected goods

No specific instrument available

Not covered in this edition of the site

9. Temporary admission of goods/ inward and outward processing

WCO

RKC Specific Annex G Ch.1 & Specific Annex F Ch.1 & Ch.2

Convention on temporary admission

Customs Convention on the A.T.A Carnet for the temporary admission of goods

Clearance

Revised Kyoto Convention

ARTICLE 11 - FREEDOM OF TRANSIT

Article

TF Instrument

Links to Pages in the guide with more information
(pink are generic pages, blue color are specific relevant instruments)

 

WCO

RKC GA Ch. 1, Ch. 3, Ch.5 and Ch.6 and Specific Annex E Ch.1

WCO Customs Compendium No.3

Customs transit

Transit transport operation

GATT Article V

TIR Convention

Int'l Convention on Harmonization of Frontier Controls

UNCTAD technical notes

UNECE

TIR Convention

UNECE Int'l Convention on Harmonization of Frontier Controls

UNCTAD

Technical Notes - Freedom of Transit and Regional Transit Arrangement. Bonded Customs Transit

ARTICLE 12 - CUSTOMS COOPERATION

Article

TF Instrument

Links to Pages in the guide with more information
(pink are generic pages, blue color are specific relevant instruments)

 

WCO

RKC

WCO Johannesburg Convention

WCO Nairobi Convention

WCO Guide to the exchange of customs valuation information and RKC

Customs cooperation

Revised Kyoto Convention

Harmonization Frontier Controls Convention

UNECE

Int'l Convention on Harmonization of Frontier Controls

ARTICLE 23 - INSTITUTIONAL ARRANGEMENTS

Article

TF Instrument

Links to Pages in the guide with more information
(pink are generic pages, blue color are specific relevant instruments)

2. National Committee on Trade Facilitation

UNECE

Recommendation 4 on Trade Facilitation Bodies

Recommendation 40 on Consultation Approaches: Best Practices in Trade and Government consultation on Trade Facilitation Matters

Trade Facilitation Bodies

UNECE and UN/CEFACT Recommendations

UNCTAD technical notes
ITC, UNECE, UNCTAD National-Trade-Facilitation-Committees---Moving-towards-implementation

UNCTAD

Technical Notes - Multi-Agency Working Group on Trade Facilitation


(*)World Trade Organization, Ministerial Declaration, December 2013 WT/MIN(13)/36